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 Piers Mitchell
An orthopaedic surgeon and also an osteoarchaeologist. He teaches palaeopathology to the medical students at Imperial College London. His research interests centre on disease in the crusades to the medieval eastern Mediterranean (12th-13th centuries). His current projects in Vadum Iacob include an analysis of the weapon injuries to be found in the slaughtered garrison of the castle.


Scientific Publications:

Mitchell PD. (2006) Trauma in the Crusader period city of Caesarea: A major port in the medieval eastern Mediterranean INT J OSTEOARCHAEOL. 16: 493-505

Maslen MW; Mitchell PD. (2006) Medical theories on the cause of death in crucifixion. J R Soc Med. 99: 185-188
Mitchell PD; Nagar Y; Ellenblum R. (2006) Weapon injuries in the 12th century Crusader garrison of Vadum Iacob Castle, Galilee INT J OSTEOARCHAEOL. 16: 145-155

Mitchell PD. (2003) Pre-Columbian treponemal disease from 14th century AD Safed, Israel, and implications for the medieval eastern Mediterranean. Am J Phys Anthropol. 121: 117-124
Koelewijn LF; Meima A; Broekhuis SM; Richardus JH; Mitchell PD; Benbow C;

Saunderson PR. (2003) Sensory testing in leprosy: comparison of ballpoint pen and monofilaments (vol 74, pg 42, 2003) LEPROSY REV. 74: 192-192
Koelewijn LF; Meima A; Broekhuis SM; Richardus JH; Mitchell PD; Benbow C;

Saunderson PR. (2003) Sensory testing in leprosy: comparison of ballpoint pen and monofilaments. Lepr Rev. 74: 42-52

Mitchell PD. (2001) The threshold for protective sensation that prevents neuropathic ulceration on the plantar aspect of the foot: a study of leprosy patients in a rural community in India. Lepr Rev. 72: 143-150

Mitchell PD; Mitchell TN. (2000) The age-dependent deterioration in light touch sensation on the plantar aspect of the foot in a rural community in India: implications when screening for sensory impairment. Lepr Rev. 71: 169-178

Mitchell PD. (1999) The integration of the palaeopathology and medical history of the Crusades INT J OSTEOARCHAEOL. 9: 333-343

Mitchell PD. (1993) Leprosy and the case of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem: mycobacterial disease in the crusader states of the 12th and 13th centuries. Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis. 61: 283-291

Mitchell PD. Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds and the Medieval Surgeon. Cambridge University Press, (2004)

Mitchell PD. The evolution of social attitudes to the medical care of those with leprosy within the Crusader States. Cahiers du GRHIS, Rouen, (2000)

Chapters in books
Mitchell PD. The torture of military captives during the crusades to the medieval Middle East. In Noble ideals and bloody realities: warfare in the Middle Ages, 378-1492. Eds: N Christie and M Yazigi. EJ Brill, Leiden (2006)

Mitchell PD. Disease. In Encyclopedia of the Crusades. 2: Eds: AV Murray. ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara (2006)

Mitchell PD. The infirmaries of the Order of the Temple in the medieval kingdom of Jerusalem. In The medieval hospital and medical practice: bridging the evidence. Eds: B Bowers. Ashgate, Aldershot (2006)

Mitchell PD. Evidence for elective surgery in the Frankish states of the near east in the crusader period (12th-13th centuries). In Gesundheit-Krankheit: Kulturtransder Medizinischen Wissens von der Spätantike bis in die Frühe Neuzeit. Eds: KP Jankrift and F Steger. Böhlau-Verlag, Cologne (2004)

Mitchell PD. The myth of the spread of leprosy with the crusades. In The Past and Present of Leprosy. Eds: C Roberts, K Manchester and M Lewis. Archaeopress, Oxford (2002)

Mitchell PD; Stern E. Parasitic intestinal helminth ova from the latrines of the 13th century crusader hospital of St John in Acre, Israel. In Proceedings of the XIIIth European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, Chieti, Itali. Eds: M La Verghetta, L Capasso. Edigrafital S.p.A., Teramo (2001)

Mitchell PD. An evaluation of the leprosy of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem in the context of the mediaeval world. In The Leper King and his Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. Eds: B Hamilton. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2000)

Mitchell PD. Warfare injuries. In Encyclopedia of the Crusades. 4: Eds: AV Murray. ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara (2006)

Mitchell PD. Tuberculosis in the crusades. In Tuberculosis: Past and Present. Eds: G Palfi, O Dutour, J Deak, I Hutas. Golden Book-TB Foundation, Budapest-Szeged (1999)

Mitchell PD. The archaeological approach to the study of disease in the Crusader States, as employed at Le Petit Gérin. In The Miliary Orders. 2. Welfare and Warfare: Eds: H Nicholson. Ashgate, Aldershot (1998)
The Hebrew University of JerusalemThe Hebrew University of Jerusalem